Every year, on 18 November, COPD day is celebrated.
WHAT COPD IS?
COPD is a lung disease which stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in medical terminology .
If one has to understand this complicated terminology , one needs to know that is a basic lung disease which can cause breathlessness, thus making it hard to breathe for the person suffering from this. It is chronic bronchitis , that involves a long term cough with mucus .
STAGES OF COPD:
MILD- Airflow gets somewhat limited , that does not gets much attention.
MODERATE – Airflow starts to get worse in this.
SEVERE – Quality of life gets affected , experiences shortness of breath .
VERY SEVERE – Airflow gets extremely limited, more regular and intense and affects the quality of life.
LIFE EXPECTANCY :
40%-70% people are expected to live their lives even after 5 years of expectancy .
Its symptoms may include :
Increasing breathlessness, after exercising or waking up in the morning .
More frequent chest infections and problems .
Wheezing ,can be one of its symptoms .
Fatigue, depression and anxiety .
It must be noted that its symptoms may not be noticeable in some patients until they reach their late 40s or 50s . It sometimes develops slowly and may get worse with time and are expected to have noticeable symptoms in winter season .
This can be controlled with proper treatment , medical supervision , medicines and precautionary measures . Though, there is currently no cure for it.
Precautionary measures may include :
Inhale clean – fresh air.
Try avoid going to places that have traffic or where pollution levels are high .
Stop smoking and being around someone who smokes .
Use inhalers when required , only after consulting a doctor .
Treatment may include tablets ,oxygen therapy , even surgery or lung transplant .
Different programmes are there which the patient have to attend and follow to keep their problem controlled like exercising , following a diet chart , preparing them and their families mentally and emotionally .
POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS :
Feeling sick , headaches , insomnia, irregular heartbeats , diarrhea , weight gain , mood swings or even osteoporosis .
But ignoring its symptoms may make your condition worse .
Every year , on this day , a theme is being associated . this year’s theme is – “LIVING WELL WITH COPD” .
With proper treatment and awareness , one can fight any disease .
. HIYA ANEJA , Lifestyle Content Creator .