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Human-to-human transmission of bird flu rare, no need to panic: AIIMS chief

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As the country reported the first confirmed case of human death due to Avian influenza, AIIMS chief Dr. Randeep Guleria on Wednesday said that human-to-human transmission of the H5N1 virus is very rare and there is no need to panic.

However, there is a need to do contact tracing and also take samples and look for any poultry deaths in the area from where the child who died due to the virus was residing, the AIIMS director said.

A 12-year-old boy from Haryana, who was infected with the H5N1 virus, recently died at AIIMS Delhi.

The National Institute of Virology, Pune had confirmed the infection, Dr. Guelria said.

”The transmission of the virus from birds to humans is rare and sustained human-to-human transmission of the H5N1 virus has not yet been established and therefore there is no need to panic.

”But then people working closely with poultry must take precautionary measures and maintain proper personal hygiene,” Dr. Guleria said. Dr. Neeraj Nischal, an associate professor in the Department of Medicine at AIIMS, said Avian influenza or bird flu is predominately a zoonosis, and there is no evidence of sustained human-to-human transmission so far. ”Although few isolated family clusters have been reported, transmission in these clusters may have occurred through common exposure and in rare situations a very close physical contact; there is no evidence of human-to-human transmission via small-particle aerosols,” he said.

”Serologic surveys have not found evidence of asymptomatic infections among contacts of active cases and nosocomial transmission to healthcare workers has not been documented,” Dr. Nischal said.

”There is no need to worry if one is eating properly cooked poultry products. There is no evidence so far that it can be spread to people through properly cooked food. The virus gets destroyed when the food is cooked at a high temperature. One should avoid contact with infected poultry, especially ill or dying chickens,” he said.

Dr. Guleria said in the past when H5N1 avian flu influenza cases were reported from poultry, culling of poultry in those areas has been done to prevent the spread of infection and tackle it early.

The H5N1 is usually transmitted to poultry through migratory birds, he said.

People who work in close contact with poultry are at high risk of getting the infection, Guleria added.

An AIIMS source had said the 12-year-old boy was admitted to AIIMS on July 2 with pneumonia and leukemia. He died on July 12. While undergoing treatment, tests for COVID-19 and influenza were conducted. ”His samples tested negative for COVID-19. It came out positive for influenza but was non-typable. It was sent to National Institute of Virology, Pune, where they confirmed it to be positive for H5N1 avian influenza,” the source had said.

Details of the case have been conveyed to the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) and their team has started surveillance and contact tracing and to see if there are any more cases with similar symptoms with whom the child has come in contact, sources said.

Meanwhile, all staff at AIIMS who were exposed to the deceased have been asked to monitor themselves for any symptoms of flu and report to the authorities immediately.

In January, some states like Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, and Chhattisgarh culled poultry birds after the disease was reported.

According to the WHO, almost all cases of H5N1 infection in people have been associated with close contact with infected live or dead birds, or H5N1-contaminated environments. Currently available epidemiologic information suggests the virus does not infect humans easily, and spread from person to person appears to be rare. When people do become infected, the mortality rate is about 60 percent.

According to the World Health Organisation poultry and poultry products can be prepared and consumed as usual, with no fear of acquiring infection with the avian flu virus. One should continue to follow good hygienic and cooking practices. The virus is destroyed at a temperature of 70 degrees C for 30 minutes. After handling poultry and eggs, one should clean hands and other exposed parts, it said.

Jammu

Rescue operation resumes in cloudburst-hit Kishtwar after suspension due to rain

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The rescue operation to locate 20 people missing after a cloudburst in a village in Jammu and Kashmir’s Kishtwar resumed Friday after remaining suspended for hours together owing to inclement weather, officials said.

Seven persons were found dead and 17 others were rescued in an injured condition after the remote Honzar village in Dacchan tehsil was hit by flash floods triggered by the cloudburst in the early hours of Wednesday, damaging 21 houses, 21 cow sheds, a ration depot, a bridge and a mosque.

The rescue operation was interrupted by heavy rains late Thursday night and resumed around noon after slight improvement in the weather conditions, the officials said.

 

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CBSE declares Class 12 board exam results

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The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) on Friday declared results for class 12 board examinations.
Students can now check their results at cbseresults.nic.in and cbse.gov.in.

The CBSE in a tweet today advised the students to keep their roll number handy for quick reference.

It also said that students can use the Roll Number Finder facility on
http://cbseit.in/cbse/2021/rfinder/landing.aspx for easier access to their results.

“Students, keep your Roll Number handy for quick reference. Use the Roll Number Finder facility on http://cbseit.in/cbse/2021/rfinder/landing.aspx. Results can also be downloaded from DigiLocker,” said CBSE in a tweet.

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Jammu

Security forces launch search operation in Samba

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Security forces in Jammu and Kashmir launched a massive search operation in Samba district.

The search operation was launched after suspected drone activities were reported in three different areas of the district, last night.

Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP) Samba Rajesh Sharma said, “Drone activities were suspected at three different areas of Samba district, last night.”

The Border Security Force (BSF) also issued a statement that said, “Some unidentified lights were seen in the sky near the international border in the Samba sector. Few rounds were fired on it and the lights disappeared.”

Earlier on July 16, a drone that was operating around the Jammu Air Base was picked up by the radars of the anti-drone system deployed by the National Security Guard (NSG) there.

The NSG had deployed an anti-drone system in the city after a drone attack took place on the Jammu air base last month.

The Air Force has also taken measures to prevent any such attack in Jammu and other important airbases across the country. It has also taken strict measures to address threats from small drones.

After the Jammu attack, the number of drone sightings has gone up drastically and there have been several instances where the Army and Border Security Forces (BSF) troops at the border have fired at them.

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Covid-19 Stats

30 Jul 2021, 10:06 AM (GMT)

Coronavirus Stats

31,572,344 Total Cases
423,244 Death Cases
30,743,972 Recovered Cases

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