As India grapples with the second wave of the COVID-19, rising cases of mucormycosis or ‘black fungus’ infection are becoming worrisome.
India has so far reported at least 8,848 mucormycosis cases, as per report. While AIIMS Delhi Director Dr Randeep Guleria said, “The Covid-19-linked infection has claimed more than 7,000 lives in the country.”
Gujarat reported maximum of 2,281 mucormycosis cases followed by Maharashtra (2,000), Andhra Pradesh (910), Madhya Pradesh (720) Rajasthan (700), Karnataka (5,00), Haryana (250), Delhi (197), Punjab (95), Chhattisgarh (87), Bihar (56), Tamil Nadu (40), Kerala (36), Jharkhand (27), Odisha (15), Goa (12) and Chandigarh (8), the report added.
Meanwhile, as per a report in Hindustan Times, at least 219 people in the country have lost their lives to black fungus so far.
There are no official figures on the number of deaths due to black fungus yet.
What is black fungus?
‘Black Fungus’ or ‘mucormycosis’ is a rare fungal infection that is caused by a fungus named mucor, found on wet surfaces. The rare cases of mucormycosis of the small intestine were recently reported in Delhi`s Sir Ganga Ram Hospital.
How to detect Black fungus early?
1. Nose bleeding, abnormal black discharge
2. Nasal congestion
3. Head and eye pain
4. Swelling near the eyes, blurred vision, red eyes, less visibility, difficulty in opening and closing the eye
5. Numbness or tingling feeling on the face
6. Difficulty in opening the mouth or chewing something
7. Toothache, swelling inside or around the mouth
As per experts, cases of mucormycosis are being seen among COVID-19 patients who were administered steroids to treat symptoms, and particularly among those who are suffering from diabetes and cancer. Medical experts have pointed to strong links between diabetes and infection.
In addition, COVID-19 has a tendency to worsen diabetes and also precipitate diabetes in previously normal individuals.
Medicine to treat black fungus
Doctors recommend amphotericin B or “ampho-B”, an anti-fungal intravenous injection, for the treatment of the infection.
The Union Health Ministry on Saturday (May 22) said the availability of Amphotericin-B, is now being increased and the ministry is in touch with five additional manufacturers.
While the existing manufacturers are also “working towards increasing their capacity and production capacity,” Lav Agarwal, Joint Secretary, Union Health Ministry was quoted as saying by ANI.
Meanwhile, the Union minister of chemicals and fertilisers D.V. Sadananda Gowda announced an allocation of 23,680 additional vials of Amphotericin-B in order to treat the deadly infection.
DC Jammu issues new timings for opening shops
District Magistrate Jammu Anshul Garg has issued guidelines for opening of Shops/ Establishment in district.
Read the Order
Lockdown relaxation: J&K Govt Issues Fresh Guidelines for shops
The Jammu & Kashmir administration on Sunday relaxed Covid-induced restrictions in eight districts–Poonch, Reasi, Ramban, Doda, Shopian, Kulgam, Ganderbal, and Bandipora as the coronavirus infection declines. However, guidelines on the Covid containment, notified on 29 May, will continue to remain in force till further orders.
The union territory has allowed all government and private offices to function subject to strict adherence to Covid appropriate behaviour.
Here’s what’s allowed in the 8 districts:
1. Barbershops, salons, and parlours will be permitted to open on all days of the week (except on Saturdays and Sundays).
2. Standalone shops, outdoor bazaars, shopping complexes would be permitted to open on all days (except Saturday and Sunday).
3. All government offices can function without any restrictions subject to strict adherence to Covid appropriate behaviour.
4. The wholesale trade of liquor would continue to be permitted to operate 5 days a week (except Saturdays and Sundays) in the entire UT.
Big update for Non-JK Vehicles owners; check details here
Authorities have ordered that no vehicle with outside number shall ply in any public place unless registered in accordance with Motor Vehicles Act in J&K.
“It has been observed that considerable number of vehicles registered outside Jammu & Kashmir (from adjoining States of Punjab, Haryana and Delhi etc.] have been purchased by the residents of the Jammu and Kashmir and are being plied across the Jammu & Kashmir unauthorizedly, without having been registered with the concerned Registering Authorities (RTOs/ARTOs), in contravention to the explicit provisions of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989,” reads a circular issued by Hirdesh Kumar (IAS) Commissioner Secretary to Government, Transport Department.
“It has been reported that number of old vehicles purchased from outside J&K are also being plied in the Jammu and Kashmir without paying token tax/road tax as required under J&K Motor Vehicles Taxation Act, 1957 and without the transfer of ownership in favor of purchaser (transferee] and the state exchequer is bereft of considerable amount on this account,” the circular reads, “There is high probability of such vehicles being used for carrying unlawful activities.”
The government referred to ‘relevant sections’ of the Act, underlining that every owner of a motor vehicle shall cause the vehicle to be registered by the registering authority in whose jurisdiction he has the residence or place of business where the vehicle in normally kept.
Refereeing to section 47, the Circular said stated that when a motor vehicle registered in one State has been kept in another State, for a period exceeding twelve months, the owner of the vehicle shall within such period and in such form containing such particulars as may be prescribed by the Central Government, apply to the registering authority, within whose jurisdiction the vehicle then is, for the assignment of a new registration mark and shall present the certificate of registration to that registering authority.
Referring to section 50 dealing with transfer of ownership, it reads that in the case of a vehicle registered within the same State, within fourteen days of the transfer, report the fact of transfer, in such form with such documents and in such manner, as may be prescribed by the Central Government to the registering authority within whose jurisdiction the transfer is to be effected.
In the case of a vehicle registered outside the State, within forty-five days of the transfer, the copy is to be forward to the registering authority.
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